We are hiring !!

Organization: The University of Pittsburgh, Department of Neurology

Organization Contact: PI Rafeed Alkawadri rafeed.alkawadri@pitt.edu 

Position Title: Post-graduate research associate. 

Position Type: Full-time for 1-year renewable based on performance and satisfactory academic performance as defined by the principle investigator Location: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

Job Description: This is a great opportunity in one of the largest schools in the United States, reputable for an amazing research environment. Pitt comprehensive Epilepsy Center is one of the leading and most modern in the world. The Comprehensive Epilepsy Center is internationally recognized as a leader in treatment of medically intractable epilepsy. The center has been on the cutting edge in pioneering many advanced functional imaging and surgical techniques. The research involved combine multi-modalities to advance our understanding of epileptic and functional networks with primary focus on intracranial EEG. This is a great opportunity to work by the side of the PI and a renowned neuro-surgeon (TBA) with expertise in functional neurosurgery and epilepsy in particular. The center has pioneered modernization and the re-introduction of stereo-EEG in the United States.  Besides routine job duties, candidates will have the opportunity to attend graduate-level coursework in neuro-science, biomedical, and signal and image processing. Candidates may have the opportunity to apply for their own grants depending on level of training to support further funding. Candidates will contribute in many ways to the research project, typical responsibilities include but not limited to: Conduct literature reviews, collect and analyze data, consent the patients, run Matlab routines among others.

Requirements/Qualifications: Previous research experience is required. This position is ideal for students/post-graduates with interests in neuroscience, signal and image processing. Track record with several publications, and prior experience in Matlab and python are a requirement.

Application Instructions: Please email your CV and personal statement to the principle investigator. Rafeed.alkawadri@pitt.edu

Work Hours: Approximately 40 hours per week and flexible schedule. 

Salary: based on experience  

Deadline for application: 10/1/2019

Note for international applicants with visa requirements: The process may take up to 90 days. 


Apply using contact us or email PI: Rafeed dot Alkawadri at Pitt dot edu

Apply using contact us or email PI: Rafeed dot Alkawadri at Pitt dot edu


Restoration of Brain Functions aka The Curious Case of a Dead Brain: Breaking on CNN, NPR, Nature, The New York Times, Guardian ...

Nature Cover


Link to the full article click here

The brains of humans and other mammals are highly vulnerable to interruptions in blood flow and decreases in oxygen levels. Here we describe the restoration and maintenance of microcirculation and molecular and cellular functions of the intact pig brain under ex vivo normothermic conditions up to four hours post-mortem. We have developed an extracorporeal pulsatile-perfusion system and a haemoglobin-based, acellular, non-coagulative, echogenic, and cytoprotective perfusate that promotes recovery from anoxia, reduces reperfusion injury, prevents oedema, and metabolically supports the energy requirements of the brain. With this system, we observed preservation of cytoarchitecture; attenuation of cell death; and restoration of vascular dilatory and glial inflammatory responses, spontaneous synaptic activity, and active cerebral metabolism in the absence of global electrocorticographic activity. These findings demonstrate that under appropriate conditions the isolated, intact large mammalian brain possesses an underappreciated capacity for restoration of microcirculation and molecular and cellular activity after a prolonged post-mortem interval.

This is exciting indeed and though the brain continuously demonstrated isoelectric rhythms the viability as demonstrated otherwise by metabolic measures, histopathological slices and slice electrophysiology is fascinating, to say the least. 

The Electrophysiology Experiment employing standard ECOG recording

Just in case you missed breaking news this week. I am excited to share with you our article in Nature:

Restoration of brain circulation and cellular functions hours post-mortem

a.k.a op. The curious case of a dead brain.

Aside from media buzz and just to be clear this is no where close to be applied in human.

A real a tour de force and fun because

1. It has not been done before and provides a reliable platform for further investigation

2. It demonstrates viability is not binary rather gradable even in the sub-conscious state post-mortem.

3. It reminds of the importance of clinical knowledge/experience even in the most basic lab settings as some of the movements observed were spino-cephalic, medula-cephaic or simply neuromuscular excitability from the severed nerves.

4. I expect that the ethical aspects related to such experiment would motivate work to quantify/grade pain and discomfort based on electrophysiology.

5. It validates previous observations of drug induced isoelectric EEG not incompatible with recovery. It is another reminder why EEG is not a major criterion in evaluation of brain death.

6. Lastly, if familiar with the work of Giovani Aldini and the big Volta/Galvani’s debate - this work is a reminder of the what the humankind is capable of within a short time frame in history.

Hope you enjoy!

Nature.png

A new hope for surgical epilepsy patients: a new technique increases the chance of seizure freedom and may spare patients risks and invasive procedures

CONTACT:  Www.humanbrainmapping.net/contactus


Story update June 19, 2018: Follow the story at Yale News : 

https://news.yale.edu/2018/06/19/new-technique-fine-tunes-treatment-severe-epilepsy-cases

For Immediate Release: June, 14, 2018

A new hope for surgical epilepsy patients:  a new technique increases the chance of complete seizure freedom and may spare the patients, risks and invasive procedures

 

New Haven, Connecticut. A recent study published in JAMA Neurologyon June 11, 2018 showed that

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The Course in Human Brain Mapping

Date 2/21/17

For immediate release 

New Haven, Conn.

The Human Brain Mapping Program offers a 1- year fellowship that involves  i. Course on theoretical aspects of electrical cortical stimulation and electrocorticography ii. Workshops on EEG and image processing iii. Clinical Observership in mapping and intracranial EEG iv. Mentoring in research and manuscript writing

Please do not hesitate to CONTACT US

Course details (held biweekly)

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A Brain Surgery Frees a Patient from Seizures

Date 11/17/16

For immediate release 

New Haven, Conn.

To Follow the full story visit: Stories at Yale Medicine

When the medication prescribed to treat her epilepsy didn’t work, she sought the advice of Yale Medicine neurosurgeon Dennis Spencer, MD, who suggested a brain surgery that would implant electrodes to target the site of the seizure. 

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